The Special Policy Study on Global Climate Governance and China’s Role is one of the research topics set up by the CCICED on Global Governance and Ecological Civilization. The research focus of 2019–2020 is the low-carbon development of infrastructure along the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). This report first reviews the BRI and related Chinese policies supporting the development of overseas infrastructure; then, it analyzes the current situation of socioeconomic development, power infrastructure development plans, and electricity infrastructure policies in Southeast Asia. Then, this report focuses on China’s role in power infrastructure investments in Southeast Asia. Taking Indonesia as a case study, an in-depth analysis reviews the challenges
facing the low-carbon transition of its power infrastructure. On this basis, the opportunities and challenges of clean, low-carbon power generation in Southeast Asia are explored from the
perspectives of resource potential, technology, finances, cost, supporting infrastructure, systemic issues, and policies. Finally, we propose recommendations on how China and Southeast Asian countries could cooperate to promote the transition to low-carbon power infrastructure. There are both challenges and opportunities in the development of low-carbon, clean power
generation in Southeast Asia.
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